Plants are the world's best synthesis chemists. Based on own research in the VKR Research Centre "Pro-Active Plants", examples will be given that, by targeting molecular processing, the whole biosynthesis pathways of desirable substances from one plant to another can be transferred, thereby increasing The content of health promotion substances in cultural plants and to improve the resilience of cultural planters to a particular insect.
Likewise, it is possible to specifically prevent the formation of substances that make the plants inedible due to bad taste or toxicity. Many of the enzymes that control the formation of secondary metabolites in plants are membrane-bound and are included in large metabolons, which, as a "conveyor belt", ensure the formation of the end product without the accumulation of undesirable intermediates.
Knowledge of the mechanisms that govern the formation of metabolons and the experimental possibility of assembling such metabolons in synthetic nano discs, which behave like a soluble protein, opens the possibility to find out how plants with a limited The number of enzymes using combinatory biochemistry is capable of being controlled by synthesizing a myriad of complex natural substances and based thereon for the Development of highly effective in vitro systems for the synthesis of complex bioactive substances and other Fine Chemicals.